Computational study of the binding affinity and selectivity of the bacterial ammonium transporter AmtB
2006 (English)In: Biochemistry, ISSN 0006-2960, E-ISSN 1520-4995, Vol. 45, no 36, 10807-10814 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We report results from microscopic molecular dynamics and free energy perturbation simulations of substrate binding and selectivity for the Escherichia coli high-affinity ammonium transporter AmtB. The simulation system consists of the protein embedded in a model membrane/water surrounding. The calculated absolute binding free energies for the external NH4+ ions are between -5.8 and -7.3 kcal/mol and are in close agreement with experimental data. The apparent pK(a) of the bound NH4+ increases by more than 4 units, indicating a preference for binding ammonium ion and not neutral ammonia. The external binding site is also selective for NH4+ toward monovalent metal cations by 2.4-4.4 kcal/mol. The externally bound NH4+ shows strong electrostatic interactions with the proximal buried Asp160, stabilized in the anionic form, whereas the interactions with the aromatic rings of Phe107 and Trp148, lining the binding cavity, are less pronounced. Simulated mutation of the highly conserved Asp160 to Asn reduces the pK(a) of the bound ammonium ion by similar to 7 units and causes loss of its binding. The calculations further predict that the substrate affinity of E. coli AmtB depends on the ionization state of external histidines. The computed free energies of hypothetical intermediate states related to transfer of NH3, NH4+, or H2O from the external binding site to the first position inside the internal channel pore favor permeation of the neutral species through the channel interior. However, the predicted change in the apparent pK(a) of NH4+ upon translocation from the external site, Am1, to the first internal site, Am2, indicates that ammonium ion becomes deprotonated only when it enters the channel interior.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 45, no 36, 10807-10814 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-20993DOI: 10.1021/bi0610799ISI: 000240251300003PubMedID: 16953566OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-20993DiVA: diva2:48766