Comparing carbon nanotubes and graphene nanoplatelets as reinforcements in polyamide 12 composites
2011 (English)In: Nanotechnology, ISSN 0957-4484, E-ISSN 1361-6528, Vol. 22, no 27, 275714- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We investigate the influence of nanofillers including carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene nanoplatelets on a thermoplastic engineering polymer, polyamide 12 (PA12). The comparison between these two important nanofillers as to how they influence the structure and properties of the polymer is systematically studied. The polymer–nanofiller composites were prepared using a twin-screw micro-extruder and the composite was thereafter hot pressed into thin films. The structure (using wide angle x-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry) and properties (through tensile testing and conductivity measurement) of the thin films have been investigated. The composites incorporating surfactant showed the best CNT distribution and dispersion, causing an improvement of up to 80% in the toughness modulus over pure PA12. Electrical percolation could also be achieved at nanofiller concentrations of 1 to 2 wt%. In this study we observed that CNT fillers bring about more pronounced improvements in PA12 compared to graphene nanoplatelets, as far as mechanical and electrical properties are concerned.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 22, no 27, 275714- p.
CNT, Polymer composite, Graphene
Condensed Matter Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-168031DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/22/27/275714OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-168031DiVA: diva2:490044