Peace by Pact: The Theory and Data of Peace Agreement Implementation
2006 (English)In: Paper prepared for the 2006 Conference on Globalization and Peacebuilding, arranged by the Swedish Network of Peace, Conflict and Development Research, Uppsala, 6–8 November 2006, 2006Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
Is the implementation of peace agreement a severe obstacle for peace? Conventional wisdom holds that the failure to implement peace agreement is an important explanation to the recurrence of war. Much scholarly work has been devoted to how the design of peace agreements can pave the way for peace, stability and democracy. In this regard, power sharing is seen as a viable solution to end civil war. However, the implementation of such power sharing pacts has only to a limited extent been the focus of systematic analysis. This paper presents new data, namely the IMPACT dataset, to remedy this empirical deficit within the literature on post-civil conflict settlements. The IMPACT dataset contains data on internal armed conflict settlement provisions in 83 peace agreements struck in the period of 1989-2004. It includes the most important components of a peace agreement, with regard to the contested incompatibilities, namely political, military and territorial pacts. Furthermore, it includes measurements of to what degree such pacts were implemented following the signing of a peace agreement. This paper will outline the definitions and data collection for the new dataset. It also begins to formulate the causal mechanisms involved in the relationship between implementation of peace agreements and peace. Some theoretical claims on the implementation of settlement provisions are tested.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
power sharing, political pacts, peace agreements, implementation
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-21255OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-21255DiVA: diva2:49028
Paper prepared for the 2006 Conference on Globalization and Peacebuilding, arranged by the Swedish Network of Peace, Conflict and Development Research, Uppsala, 6–8 November 20062007-04-242007-04-24