Incorporation of bacterial membrane proteins into liposomes: factors influencing protein reconstitution
1999 (English)In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes, ISSN 0005-2736, E-ISSN 1879-2642, Vol. 1421, no 1, 77-90 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Meningococcal and gonococcal outer membrane proteins were reconstituted into liposomes using detergent-mediated dialysis. The detergents octyl glucopyranoside (OGP), sodium cholate and Empigen BB were compared with respect to efficiency of detergent removal and protein incorporation. The rate of OGP removal was greater than for cholate during dialysis. Isopycnic density gradient centrifugation studies showed that liposomes were not formed and hence no protein incorporation occurred during dialysis from an Empigen BB containing reconstitution mixture. Cholate-mediated reconstitution yielded proteoliposomes with only 75% of the protein associated with the vesicles whereas all of the protein was reconstituted into the lipid bilayer during OGP-mediated reconstitution. Essentially complete protein incorporation was achieved with an initial protein-to-lipid ratio of 0.01:1 (w/w) in the reconstitution mixture; however, at higher initial protein-to-lipid ratios (0.02:1) only 75% protein incorporation was achieved. Reconstituted proteoliposomes were observed as large (>300 nm), multilamellar structures using cryo-electron microscopy. Size reduction of these proteoliposomes by extrusion did not result in significant loss of protein or lipid. Extruded proteoliposomes were unilamellar vesicles with mean diameter of about 100 nm.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 1421, no 1, 77-90 p.
reconstitution, detergent, adjuvant, proteoliposome, subunit vaccine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-21258DOI: 10.1016/S0005-2736(99)00118-2 |ISI: 000082759900008PubMedID: 10561473OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-21258DiVA: diva2:49031