Hyperphosphorylated tau in young and middle-aged subjects
2012 (English)In: Acta Neuropathologica, ISSN 0001-6322, E-ISSN 1432-0533, Vol. 123, no 1, 97-104 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The brain tissue obtained from ninety-five cognitively unimpaired subjects, with ages ranging from 22 to 50 years upon death, were immunohistochemically assessed for neurodegenerative changes, i.e., hyperphosphorylated tau (HP tau) and beta-amyloid (A beta) pathology in predilection neuroanatomical areas. HP tau pathology was observed in the transentorhinal cortex and/or the locus coeruleus (LC) in 33% of the subjects, without any obvious risk factors known to alter the microtubule-associated protein. HP tau pathology was noted in the LC in 25 out of 83 subjects (30%), lacking concomitant cortical A beta or transentorhinal HP tau pathology. This observation was present even when assessing only one routine section of 7 mu m thickness. The recent suggestion of prion-like propagation of neurodegeneration and the finding of neurodegeneration being quite common in middle-aged persons is alarming. It is noteworthy, however, that a substantial number of neurologically unimpaired subjects even at a very old age display only sparse to modest extent of neurodegenerative pathology. Thus, only a subset of subjects with neurodegenerative changes early in life seem to progress to a symptomatic disease with ageing. This observation brings forth the notion that other, yet unknown modifying factors influence the progression of degeneration that leads to a symptomatic disorder. The known association between alterations in the LC and mood disorders, and the finding of the LC being frequently affected with HP tau pathology suggest that clinicopathological studies on young subjects both with or without mood disorders are warranted.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 123, no 1, 97-104 p.
Locus coeruleus, Hyperphosphorylated tau, Immunohistochemistry, Post-mortem study, Middle-aged, Cognitively unimpaired
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-168118DOI: 10.1007/s00401-011-0906-zISI: 000298643400008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-168118DiVA: diva2:491749