Stability of the S(3) and S(2) State Intermediates in Photosystem II Directly Probed by EPR Spectroscopy
2012 (English)In: Biochemistry, ISSN 0006-2960, E-ISSN 1520-4995, Vol. 51, no 1, 138-148 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The stability of the S(3) and S(2) states of the oxygen evolving complex in photosystem II (PSII) was directly probed by EPR spectroscopy in PSII membrane preparations from spinach in the presence of the exogenous electron acceptor PpBQ at 1, 10, and 20 degrees C. The decay of the S(3) state was followed in samples exposed to two flashes by measuring the split S(3) EPR signal induced by near-infrared illumination at 5 K. The decay of the S(2) state was followed in samples exposed to one flash by measuring the S(2) state multiline EPR signal. During the decay of the S(3) state, the S(2) state multiline EPR signal first increased and then decreased in amplitude. This shows that the decay of the S(3) state to the S(1) state occurs via the S(2) state. The decay of the S(3) state was biexponential with a fast kinetic phase with a few seconds decay half-time. This occurred in 10-20% of the PSII centers. The slow kinetic phase ranged from a decay half-time of 700 s (at 1 degrees C) to similar to 100 s (at 20 degrees C) in the remaining 80-90% of the centers. The decay of the S(2) state was also biphasic and showed quite similar kinetics to the decay of the S(3) state. Our experiments show that the auxiliary electron donor Y(D) was oxidized during the entire experiment. Thus, the reduced form of Y(D) does not participate to the fast decay of the S(2) and S(3) states we describe here. Instead, we suggest that the decay of the S(3) and S(2) states reflects electron transfer from the acceptor side of PSII to the donor side of PSII starting in the corresponding S state. It is proposed that this exists in equilibrium with Y(Z) according to S(3)Y(2) double left right arrow S(2)Y(Z)(.) in the case of the S(3) state decay and S(2)Y(Z) double left right arrow S(1)Y(Z)(.) in the case of the S(2) state decay. Two kinetic models are discussed, both developed with the assumption that the slow decay of the S(3) and S(2) states occurs in PSII centers where Y(Z) is also a fast donor to P(680)(+) working in the nanosecond time regime and that the fast decay of the S(3) and S(2) states occurs in centers where Y(Z) reduces P(680)(+) with slower microsecond kinetics. Our measurements also demonstrate that the split S(3) EPR signal can be used as a direct probe to the S(3) state and that it can provide important information about the redox properties of the S(3) state.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 51, no 1, 138-148 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-168090DOI: 10.1021/bi200627jISI: 000298907400017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-168090DiVA: diva2:492448