Outcome and prognostic factors for adolescent female in-patients with anorexia nervosa: 9- to 14-year follow-up
2006 (English)In: British Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0007-1250, E-ISSN 1472-1465, Vol. 189, no Nov, 428-432 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Earlier studies have indicated poor long-term outcomes for patients with anorexia nervosa. Aims: To study health and social outcomes of adolescent in-patients with anorexia nervosa in relation to prognostic factors. Method: A register study based on socio-economic and health data was conducted for a national cohort of female residents in Sweden born between 1968 and 1977, including 748 in-patients with anorexia nervosa. Results: At follow-up 9-14 years after hospital admission, 8.7% of patients with anorexia nervosa had persistent psychiatric health problems demanding hospital care and 21.4% were dependent on society for their main income; the stratified relative risks were 5.8 (95% CI 4.7-7.6) and 2.6 (2.3-3.0) respectively, compared with the general female population. The mortality rate for patients with anorexia nervosa was 1.2% and the stratified risk ratio for maternity was 0.6 (95% CI 0.5-0.7). Long duration of hospital care and psychiatric comorbidity were predictors of persistent psychiatric problems and financial dependency on society. Conclusions: The outcome in this cohort of adolescent in-patients with anorexia nervosa was considerably better than that reported in previous studies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 189, no Nov, 428-432 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-21686DOI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.105.018820ISI: 000241970500008PubMedID: 17077433OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-21686DiVA: diva2:49459