Inferior physical performance test results of 10,998 men in the MrOS Study is associated with high fracture risk
2012 (English)In: Age and Ageing, ISSN 0002-0729, E-ISSN 1468-2834, Vol. 41, no 3, 339-344 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: most fractures are preceded by falls.
Objective: the aim of this study was to determine whether tests of physical performance are associated with fractures.
Subjects: a total of 10,998 men aged 65 years or above were recruited.
Methods: questionnaires evaluated falls sustained 12 months before administration of the grip strength test, the timed stand test, the six-metre walk test and the twenty-centimetre narrow walk test. Means with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) are reported. P < 0.05 is a statistically significant difference.
Results: fallers with a fracture performed worse than non-fallers on all tests (all P < 0.001). Fallers with a fracture performed worse than fallers with no fractures both on the right-hand-grip strength test and on the six-metre walk test (P < 0.001). A score below -2 standard deviations in the right-hand-grip strength test was associated with an odds ratio of 3.9 (95% CI: 2.1-7.4) for having had a fall with a fracture compared with having had no fall and with an odds ratio of 2.6 (95% CI: 1.3-5.2) for having had a fall with a fracture compared with having had a fall with no fracture.
Conclusion: the right-hand-grip strength test and the six-metre walk test performed by old men help discriminate fallers with a fracture from both fallers with no fracture and non-fallers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 41, no 3, 339-344 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-168374DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afs010ISI: 000303335000011PubMedID: 22314696OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-168374DiVA: diva2:495848