Excitation energy dependent charge separation at small-molecular semiconductor/TiO2 interface
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Interfacial charge separation in hybrid solar cells depends on the energetic alignment and electronic coupling between the inorganic and organic semiconducting materials at the hetero-interface. In the present work, bilayer solar cells comprising the small molecular semiconducting dye TDCV-TPA (tris-(thienylene-vinylene)-triphenylamine) and dense titanium dioxide (TiO2) films were investigated. The internal quantum efficiency and degree of photoluminescence quenching were found to be excitation energy dependent. The molecular interaction and interfacial energy level alignment was investigated by a combination of UV-Vis and photoelectron spectroscopy. Stationary and time-dependent density functional theory calculations were used to assign and distinguish between experimentally determined molecular energy levels and electronic transitions. Photoelectron spectroscopy results suggest surface induced interactions of TDCV-TPA involving peripheral CN-groups. This may imply a favourable electronic coupling to the inorganic semiconductor for interfacial charge transfer. In an energy level diagram distinguishing between the different electronic transitions in the molecule the differences in the thermodynamic driving force for electron injection were found small. Therefore it is suggested that the observed higher internal quantum efficiency at shorter wavelength can be rationalized by a more favourable driving force for the regeneration of holes created at the hetero-interface at higher excitation energy.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-168483OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-168483DiVA: diva2:498337