Variations in the mRNA expression of inflammatory mediators, markers of differentiation and lipid-metabolizing enzymes caused by sodium lauryl sulphate in cultured human keratinocytes
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences2006 (English)In: Toxicology in Vitro, ISSN 0887-2333, Vol. 20, no 4, 472-479 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Detergents are well known irritants. Effects of the detergent sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) on cell toxicity using the XTT assay and mRNA expression of inflammatory mediators, markers of keratinocyte differentiation and enzymes synthesizing barrier lipids using real-time PCR were studied in cultured differentiated keratinocytes. After exposure for 24 h to SLS concentrations at 0.002% or above, toxic effects were observed. When a lower SLS concentration (0.00075%) was used the mRNA expression of inflammatory mediators peaked around 4-8 h. The expression of enzymes involved in the synthesis of cholesterol, fatty acids and ceramides and markers of keratinocyte differentiation also increased but after 24 h. In cells exposed to 0.000125-0.0015% SLS, a concentration-dependent induction of the expression of inflammatory mediators was found after 4 h. Similar changes were found after 24 h for involucrin and enzymes involved in ceramide synthesis. The mRNA expression of HMG-CoA synthase and reductase, long-chain acyl-CoA synthase and transglutaminase also peaked after 24 h, but maximal induction was observed already at 0.00075% SLS. In conclusion, SLS induces an inflammatory response in keratinocytes and alters the mRNA expression of important barrier lipid enzymes and markers of keratinocyte differentiation, of possible importance for the irritant properties of SLS.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 20, no 4, 472-479 p.
SLS, Keratinocytes, Irritant
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-22133DOI: 10.1016/j.tiv.2005.09.011PubMedID: 16274956OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-22133DiVA: diva2:49906