Essential on the Photophysics and Photochemistry of the lndole Chromophore by Using a Totally Unconstrained Theoretical Approach
2011 (English)In: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation, ISSN 1549-9618, E-ISSN 1549-9626, Vol. 7, no 12, 4088-4096 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Indole is a chromophore present in many different molecules of biological interest, such as the essential amino acid tryptophan and the neurotransmitter serotonin. On the basis of CASPT2//CASSCF quantum chemical calculations, the photophysical properties of the system after UV irradiation have been studied through the exploration of the potential energy hypersurfaces of the singlet and triplet low-lying valence excited states. In contrast to previous studies, the present work has been carried out without imposing any restriction to the geometry of the molecule (C(1) symmetry) and by performing minimum energy path calculations, which is the only instrument able to provide the lowest-energy evolution of the system. Relevant findings to the photophysics of bare indole have been obtained, which compete with the currently accepted mechanism for the energy decay in the molecule. The results show the presence of a conical intersection (CI) between the initially populated (1)(L(a) pi pi*) and the (1)(L(b) pi pi*) state, easily accessible through a barrierless pathway from the Franck Condon region. At this CI region, part of the population is switched from the bright (1)(L(a) pi pi*) state to the (1)(L(b) pi pi*) state, and the system evolves toward a minimum structure from which the expected fluorescence takes place. The reported low values of the fluorescence quantum yield are explained by means of a new nonracliative mechanism specific for the (1)(L(b) pi pi*) state, in which the presence of an ethene-like CI between the (1)(L(b) pi pi*) and ground states is the main feature.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 7, no 12, 4088-4096 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-168759DOI: 10.1021/ct200646rISI: 000298118000025OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-168759DiVA: diva2:503411