No change in glomerular heparan sulfate structure in early human and experimental diabetic nephropathy
2006 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 281, no 40, 29606-29613 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycans are major anionic glycoconjugates of the glomerular basement membrane and are thought to contribute to the permeability properties of the glomerular capillary wall. In this study we evaluated whether the development of ( micro) albuminuria in early human and experimental diabetic nephropathy is related to changes in glomerular HS expression or structure. Using a panel of recently characterized antibodies, glomerular HS expression was studied in kidney biopsies of type I diabetic patients with microalbuminuria or early albuminuria and in rat renal tissue after 5 months diabetes duration. Glomerular staining, however, revealed no differences between control and diabetic specimens. A significant (p < 0.05) similar to 60% increase was found in HS N-deacetylase activity, a key enzyme in HS sulfation reactions, in diabetic glomeruli. Structural analysis of glomerular HS after in vivo and in vitro radiolabeling techniques revealed no changes in HS N-sulfation or charge density. Also HS chain length, protein binding properties, as well as disaccharide composition did not differ between control and diabetic glomerular HS samples. These results indicate that in experimental and early human diabetic nephropathy, increased urinary albumin excretion is not caused by loss of glomerular HS expression or sulfation and suggest other mechanisms to be responsible for increased glomerular albumin permeability.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 281, no 40, 29606-29613 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-22571DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M601552200ISI: 000240896300022PubMedID: 16885165OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-22571DiVA: diva2:50344