Computational Electrochemistry Study of 16 Isoindole-4,7-diones as Candidates for Organic Cathode Materials
2012 (English)In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 116, no 5, 3793-3801 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Prediction of the redox behavior of electroactive molecules enables screening of a variety of compounds and can serve as a guideline in the search for organic molecules for use as cathode materials in, for example, Li ion batteries. In this study, we present a computational strategy, based on density functional theory, to calculate redox potentials and acid dissociation constants for a series of 16 isoindole-4,7-dione (IID) derivatives. The calculations take all possible electron and proton transfers into account, and the results were found to correlate very well with electrochemical and spectroscopic measurements. The possibility of polymerizing the IID derivatives was also assessed computationally, as polymerization serves as a straightforward route to immobilize the active material. Three of the considered IIDs (5,6-dicyano-2-methyl-isoindole-4,7-dione, 5,6-dihydroxy-2-methyl-isoindole-4,7-dione, and 2-methyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)-isoindole-4,7-dione) are predicted to be particularly interesting for making polymers for organic cathodes because these are calculated to have high redox potentials and high specific capacities and to be readily polymerizable. The presented strategy is general and can be applied in the prediction of the electrochemical behavior of quinones as well as other systems involving proton and electron transfers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society , 2012. Vol. 116, no 5, 3793-3801 p.
Other Chemistry Topics Nano Technology
Research subject Engineering Science with specialization in Nanotechnology and Functional Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-168889DOI: 10.1021/jp211851fISI: 000299985300073OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-168889DiVA: diva2:503877