Imaging a 3D geological strucure from HEM, airborne magnetic and ground ERT data in Kalat-e-Reshm area, Iran
2011 (English)In: Journal of Applied Geophysics, ISSN 0926-9851, Vol. 75, no 3, 513-522 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A set of geophysical data collected in an area in Iran are analyzed to check the validity of a geological map that was prepared in connection to a mineral prospecting project and also to image the spatial electrical resistivity distribution. The data set includes helicopter electromagnetic (HEM), airborne magnetic and ground electrical resistivity measurement Occam approach was used to invert the HEM data to model the resistivity using a layered earth model with fixed thicknesses. The algorithm is based on a nonlinear inverse problem in a least-squares sense. The algorithm was tested on a part of an HEM dataset acquired with a DIGHEM helicopter EM system at Kalat-e-Reshm, Semnan in Iran. The area contains a resistive porphyry andesite that is covered by Eocene sedimentary units. The results are shown as resistivity sections and maps confirming the existence of an arc like resistive structure in the survey area. The resistive andesite seems to be thicker than it is indicated in the geological maps. The results are compared with the reduced to the pole (RTP) airborne magnetic anomaly field data as well as with two ground resistivity profiles. We found reasonable correlations between the HEM ID resistivity models and 2D models from electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) inversions. A 3D visualization of the 1D models along all flight lines provided a useful tool for the study of spatial variations of the resistivity structure in the investigation area.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 75, no 3, 513-522 p.
1D inversion, HEM data, Magnetic field, Resistivity, Porphyry andesite
Research subject Geophysics with specialization in Solid Earth Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-169388DOI: 10.1016/j.appgeo.2011.08.004ISI: 000297905100011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-169388DiVA: diva2:506277