Expression of TrkB and BDNF in human cochlea: an immunohistochemical study
2011 (English)In: Cell and Tissue Research, ISSN 0302-766X, E-ISSN 1432-0878, Vol. 345, no 2, 213-221 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Surgical human cochlear specimens were obtained during the removal of large posterior cranial fossa meningioma by a transcochlear approach in which the cochlea was removed for maximal exposure of the tumor and protection of important structures, such as the brainstem, cranial nerves, and pivotal blood vessels. The cochlear tissue was fixed and cryo-sectioned for tyrosine kinase receptor B (TrkB) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) immunohistochemistry. TrkB receptor protein was expressed in both neuronal somata and the processes of human spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs). In the human organ of Corti, TrkB immunoreactivity was mainly present in nerve fibers underneath outer hair cells. BDNF expression was found neither in the organ of Corti nor in the spiral ganglion of human cochlea. For antibody specificity and for control and comparative purposes, TrkB immunocytochemistry was performed in primary cultures of cochlear neuron/glia from adult guinea pig. Confocal laser scanning microscopy showed that TrkB was homogeneously distributed in the cytoplasm of both neuronal somata and axons. Knowledge of the expression of TrkB receptor in human cochlea should help to determine the target structures for neuron preservation in hearing-impaired patients. Our results indicate that the regeneration of SGNs under pathological conditions can be enhanced with BDNF/TrkB-based pharmaceutical or genetic strategies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 345, no 2, 213-221 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-169465DOI: 10.1007/s00441-011-1209-3PubMedID: 21739244OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-169465DiVA: diva2:506825