Vascular reactivity in arterioles from normal and alloxan-diabetic mice: studies on single perfused islets
2007 (English)In: Diabetes, ISSN 0012-1797, E-ISSN 1939-327X, Vol. 56, no 1, 107-112 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Pancreatic islets possess an autonomous mechanism of blood flow regulation, independent of that of the exocrine pancreas. To study islet vascular regulation without confounding effects of the exocrine blood vessels, we have developed a technique enabling us to isolate single pancreatic islets and then to perfuse them using their endogenous vasculature for distribution of the medium. This made it possible to directly study the vascular reactivity of islet arterioles to different substances. We confirmed that control of islet blood flow is mainly located at the precapillary level. As expected, administration of angiotensin II and L-nitro-arginine methyl ester contracted islet arterioles, whereas nitric oxide and adenosine dilated them. D-glucose, the main insulin secretagogue, had a selective dilating effect on smooth muscle in islet arterioles but not in glomerular afferent arterioles. The response to glucose was amplified in islet arterioles from diabetic animals, indicating enhanced islet blood perfusion in diabetes. This newly developed technique for perfusing isolated pancreatic islets will provide new insights into islet perfusion control and its possible contributions to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 56, no 1, 107-112 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-22928DOI: 10.2337/db06-0623ISI: 000243466900015PubMedID: 17192471OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-22928DiVA: diva2:50701