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Science of Extreme Light Infrastructure
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2010 (English)In: LIGHT AT EXTREME INTENSITIES: OPPORTUNITIES AND TECHNOLOGICAL ISSUES OF THE EXTREME LIGHT INFRASTRUCTURE, 2010, Vol. 1228, 11-35 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The infrastructure of Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI) provides an unprecedented opportunity for a broad range of frontier science. Its highest ever intensity of lasers, as well as high fluence, high power, and/or ultrafast optical characteristics carve out new territories of discovery, ranging from attosecond science to photonuclear science, laser acceleration and associated beams, and high field science (Four Pillars of ELI). Its applications span from medicine, biology, engineering, energy, chemistry, physics, and fundamental understanding of the Universe. The relativistic optics that intense lasers have begun exploring may be extended into a new regime of ultra-relativistic regime, where even protons fly relativistically in the optical fields. ELI provides the highest intensity to date such that photon fields begin to feel even the texture of vacuum. This is a singular appeal of ELI with its relatively modest infrastructure (compared to the contemporary largest scientific infrastructures), yet provides an exceptional avenue along which the 21(st) Century science and society need to answer the toughest questions. The intensity frontier simultaneously brings in the energy horizon (TeV and PeV) as well as temporal frontier (attoseconds and zeptoseconds). It also turns over optics of atoms and molecules into that of nuclei with the ability to produce monoenergetic collimated gamma-ray photons. As such, the ELI concept acutely demands an effort to encompass and integrate its Four Pillars.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 1228, 11-35 p.
Series
AIP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1228
Keyword [en]
extreme fields; high field science; attosecond science; laser acceleration; photonuclear physics; vacuum physics
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Other Physics Topics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-169706DOI: 10.1063/1.3426041ISBN: 978-0-7354-0771-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-169706DiVA: diva2:507571
Conference
1st International Conference on Light at Extreme Intensities (LEI 2009)
Note
1st International Conference on Light at Extreme Intensities (LEI 2009), Brasov, ROMANIA, OCT 16-21, 2009Available from: 2012-03-05 Created: 2012-03-05 Last updated: 2012-05-25Bibliographically approved

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