Water transit times and flowpaths in a microcatchment from two line injections of 3H and 36Cl
1999 (English)In: Hydrological Processes, Vol. 13, 1557-1575 p.Article in journal (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.)) Published
To investigate groundwater transit times and flow paths in shallow till soil, within an acidification study at Gårdsjön, Sweden, two line injections of 36Cl and 3H were made in groundwater during 1992. The first injection in January, when the two tracers were injected at the same depth, gave tracer transit times from injection line to outlet of some hours due to a runoff event on the first day. The subsequent recession period left a considerable amount of tracer in the unsaturated zone, which had transit times that ranged from weeks to months. Tracer recovery at the outlet was 78% for 3H and 47% for 36Cl. Cl retention was indicated. The second injection in November, when 3H was injected at 30 cm depth and 36Cl at 60 cm depth, gave recoveries of 96% for 3H and 83% for 36Cl. Apart from an advective flow-dependent tracer transport, very fast tracer pulses occurred. The velocities for those pulses were of the order of tens of metres per hour. Highest tracer concentrations were observed in the superficial soil layers, which suggest that these layers were the dominant flow paths.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 13, 1557-1575 p.
transit times, flow paths, tracer, chlorine-36, tritium, groundwater, soil water, Gårdsjön
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-23111OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-23111DiVA: diva2:50884