Interpregnancy Change in Smoking Habits and Risk of Preeclampsia: A Population-Based Study
2012 (English)In: American Journal of Hypertension, ISSN 0895-7061, E-ISSN 1879-1905, Vol. 25, no 3, 372-378 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND Maternal smoking has been associated with decreased risk of preeclampsia; however, it is uncertain whether this association is causal. An argument for causality would be strengthened if changes in smoking status across consecutive pregnancies were related to the risk of preeclampsia.
METHODS We used data from the National Swedish Birth Register to ascertain the associations between changes in smoking status during the first two successive pregnancies and risk of preeclampsia in the second pregnancy in 371,627 women between 1992 and 2006. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI).
RESULTS Compared to women who did not smoke in either pregnancy, the risk of preeclampsia was reduced in women who smoked in both pregnancies (adjusted OR = 0.54; 95% CI = 0.47, 0.63), in those who only smoked in second pregnancy (OR = 0.76; 95% CI = 0.58, 0.99) and, to a lesser extent, in women who smoked only in the first pregnancy (OR = 0.81; 95% CI = 0.70, 0.94). History of preeclampsia in the first pregnancy did not substantially modify these associations.
CONCLUSION These data add support to a causal interpretation of the observed inverse association between smoking during pregnancy and risk of preeclampsia.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 25, no 3, 372-378 p.
blood pressure, hypertension, preeclampsia, pregnancy, smoking, tobacco
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-170327DOI: 10.1038/ajh.2011.225ISI: 000300385900017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-170327DiVA: diva2:509504