Development of subfossil Daphnia and Chaoborus assemblages in relation to progressive acidification and fish community alterations in SW Sweden
2012 (English)In: Hydrobiologia, ISSN 0018-8158, E-ISSN 1573-5117, Vol. 684, no 1, 83-95 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Dated sediment cores from acidified and fishless Lake Gaffeln and Lake Harsvatten, SW Sweden, were analyzed for Daphnia ephippia and Chaoborus mandibles to test whether acidification history and fish extirpations could be reconstructed in a paleo-study using these easily identifiable animal remains. According to monitoring data fish were lost in both lakes from the 1950s to the 1970s. Progressive acidification prior to monitoring was confirmed by a gradual decrease and eventual loss of Daphnia ephippia in both study lakes during the first half of the twentieth century. In Lake Gaffeln mandibles of C. obscuripes appeared immediately after fish loss in 1973, and the regular presence of this species confirmed the succeeding fishless state of this lake. In Lake Harsvatten sediments C. obscuripes appeared only recently, i.e. three decades after fish extirpation, showing that the absence of C. obscuripes mandibles is not a trustworthy indicator of fish presence. Hence, the appearance of C. obscuripes was not temporally related to fish loss but confirmed the present fishless condition. Known historical presence of cyprinid fish in Lake Gaffeln was confirmed by a significantly higher proportion of fragmented mandibles of C. flavicans compared to the historically cyprinid-free Lake Harsvatten. In addition, both lake profiles displayed zero-proportions of fragmented mandibles during fishless periods. We conclude that acidification history and fish extirpations can be inferred by integrated studies on subfossil Daphnia ephippia and Chaoborus mandibles. However, during extreme ultra-oligotrophic conditions in acidified clear-water lakes subfossil Chaoborus mandibles may be too scarce to infer fish absence/presence.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 684, no 1, 83-95 p.
Acidification, Chaoborus mandibles, Daphnia ephippia, Fish community composition, Fish loss
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-170314DOI: 10.1007/s10750-011-0971-2ISI: 000300329600007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-170314DiVA: diva2:509528