A novel CD44v6 targeting antibody fragment with improved tumor-to-blood ratio
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Oncology, ISSN 1019-6439, Vol. 40, no 5, 1525-1532 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The chimeric monoclonal antibody U36 (cMAb U36) recognizes the CD44v6 antigen. Its potential as a radioimmunotargeting agent, as well as its safety, has been shown in previous studies in head and neck cancer patients. However, intact MAbs have long circulation time in the blood and tumor targeting may also be hampered due to the slow and incomplete diffusion into solid tumors. In comparison, smaller monovalent Fab' and divalent F(ab')2 fragments are expected to exhibit shorter circulating half-lives, better tumor penetration and are thus more likely to yield better imaging results. In this study, novel F(ab')2 and Fab' fragments from cMAb U36 were radiolabeled with 125I and the characteristics of the conjugates in vitro were examined. The biodistribution of the conjugates were then evaluated in nude mice bearing CD44v6-expressing xenograft tumors. Furthermore, the penetration depth and distribution in tumor tissue was assessed by autoradiography in selected tumor samples. The in vitro experiments showed that the conjugates were stable and had intact affinity to CD44v6. The biodistribution study demonstrated superior tumor-to-blood ratio for the novel cMAb U36 fragment 125I-F(ab')2 compared with both the intact MAb and the monovalent fragment form. Autoradiography also revealed better tumor penetration for 125I-F(ab')2. This study demonstrates that the use of antibody fragments may improve radioimmunotargeting and possibly improve the management of head and neck malignancies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 40, no 5, 1525-1532 p.
Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy) Otorhinolaryngology
Research subject Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-170945DOI: 10.3892/ijo.2012.1352ISI: 000302273400023PubMedID: 22307465OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-170945DiVA: diva2:509838