Genetic, clinical, and neuropathologic heterogeneity have been observed in frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitin (Ubq)-positive inclusions (FTLD-U) and FTLD-U with motor neuron disease. Here, the distribution and morphologic features of neuronal and glial inclusions in the brains of 20 FTLD-U and 2 FTLD-U/motor neuron disease cases were assessed using immunohistochemistry for Ubq-binding protein p62. Eighteen cases displayed TAR DNA-binding protein 43-immunoreactive lesions and were classified as Types 3 (neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions and neurites; 72%), 2 (primarily neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions; 17%), or 1 (primarily neurites; 11%) FTLD-U. The distribution of p62-immunoreactivity varied considerably in each type. Of 4 unclassifiable cases, 2 displayed p62-immunoreactive lesions suggestive of FTLD-U with a mutation in the charged multivesicular body protein 2B gene; 1 suggested basophilic inclusion body disease, and 1 was of a type not previously described. By immunohistochemistry for Ubq-binding protein p62, the distribution of abnormalities was wider than expected; in approximately half of the cases, there were p62-positive but TAR DNA-binding protein 43-negative inclusions in the cerebellum, a region not previously considered to be affected. In other regions, TAR DNA-binding protein 43-, Ubq-, and Ubq-binding protein p62 labeling of inclusions was variable. Whether variations in inclusion morphologies, immunoreactivity, and topographic distribution are due to methodologic factors, different stages of inclusion and disease evolution, different disease entities or biologic modifications of the same disease are presently unclear.
2008. Vol. 67, no 4, 280-98 p.