uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Neglected sources of pharmaceuticals in river water: footprints of a Reggae festival
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology.
2012 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Monitoring, ISSN 1464-0325, E-ISSN 1464-0333, Vol. 14, no 2, 596-603 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are commonly considered as the main source of pharmaceuticals in surface waters. Here, however, we show that an open-air festival, attracting approximately 10 000 visitors per year at the shores of River Fyris upstream of Uppsala WWTP, can temporarily result in a higher pharmaceutical input into the river water than the WWTP. Studying the influence of Uppsala Reggae festival on the occurrence of ten commonly used acidic and basic pharmaceuticals upstream, in the effluent, and downstream of the Uppsala WWTP, we found that occasional heavy rainfalls during the festival in 2008 severely increased the mass flows of all pharmaceuticals at the WWTP upstream site. Also, strong increases in ammonium (210-fold), nitrate (21-fold), and total nitrogen (21-fold) mass flows were observed. The pharmaceutical mass flows at the upstream site were up to 3.4 times higher than those observed in the WWTP effluent. In contrast, in 2009, the festival was not accompanied with rainfalls and no major additional input of pharmaceuticals and nitrogen was observed. The findings of this study give new insights into risk assessments and are relevant for monitoring programmes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 14, no 2, 596-603 p.
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-171686DOI: 10.1039/c1em10551eISI: 000299794900032OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-171686DiVA: diva2:512077
Available from: 2012-03-26 Created: 2012-03-25 Last updated: 2012-03-26Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Weyhenmeyer, Gesa A.
By organisation
In the same journal
Journal of Environmental Monitoring
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 168 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link