Influence of blood/tissue differences in contrast agent relaxivity on tracer based MR perfusion measurements
2015 (English)In: Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine, ISSN 0968-5243, E-ISSN 1352-8661, Vol. 28, no 2, 135-147 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Perfusion assessment by monitoring the transport of a tracer bolus depends critically on conversion of signal intensity into tracer concentration. Two main assumptions are generally applied for this conversion; (1) contrast agent relaxivity is identical in blood and tissue, (2) change in signal intensity depends only on the primary relaxation effect. The purpose of the study was to assess the validity and influence of these assumptions.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Blood and cerebral tissue relaxivities r1, r2, and r2* for gadodiamide were measured in four pigs at 1.5 T. Gadolinium concentration was determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy. Influence of the relaxivities, secondary relaxation effects and choice of singular value decomposition (SVD) regularization threshold was studied by simulations.
In vivo relaxivities relative to blood concentration [in s-1 mM-1 for blood, gray matter (GM), white matter (WM)] were for r1 (2.614 ± 1.061, 0.010 ± 0.001, 0.004 ± 0.002), r2 (5.088 ± 0.952, 0.091 ± 0.008, 0.059 ± 0.014), and r2* (13.292 ± 3.928, 1.696 ± 0.157, 0.910 ± 0.139). Although substantial, by a nonparametric test for paired samples, the differences were not statistically significant. The GM to WM blood volume ratio was estimated to 2.6 ± 0.9 by r1, 1.6 ± 0.3 by r2, and 1.9 ± 0.2 by r2*. Secondary relaxation was found to reduce the tissue blood flow, as did the SVD regularization threshold.
Contrast agent relaxivity is not identical in blood and tissue leading to substantial errors. Further errors are introduced by secondary relaxation effects and the SVD regularization.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 28, no 2, 135-147 p.
MRI, relaxivity, contrast agent, perfusion
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging Analytical Chemistry
Research subject Radiology; Medical Radiophysics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-170528DOI: 10.1007/s10334-014-0452-5ISI: 000352149200004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-170528DiVA: diva2:512718