Resolution of the Interaction Mechanisms and Characteristics of Non-nucleoside Inhibitors of Hepatitis C Virus Polymerase - Laying the Foundation for Discovery of Allosteric HCV Drugs
2013 (English)In: Antiviral Research, ISSN 0166-3542, E-ISSN 1872-9096, Vol. 97, no 3, 356-368 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Development of allosteric inhibitors into efficient drugs is hampered by their indirect mode-of-action and complex structure-kinetic relationships. To enablethe design of efficient allosteric drugs targeting the polymerase of hepatitis C virus(NS5B), the interaction characteristics of three non-nucleoside compounds (filibuvir, VX-222, and tegobuvir) inhibiting HCV replication via NS5B have been analyzed. Since there was no logical correlation between the anti-HCV replicative and enzyme inhibitory effects of the compounds, surface plasmon resonance biosensor technology was used to resolve the mechanistic, kinetic, thermodynamic and chemodynamic features of their interactions with their target and their effect on itsinteraction with RNA. Tegobuvir could not be seen to interact with NS5B at all while filibuvir interacted in a single reversible step (except at low temperatures) and VX-222 in two serial steps, interpreted as an induced fit mechanism. Both filibuvir and VX-222 interfered with the interaction between NS5B and RNA. They competed for binding to the enzyme, suggesting that they had a common inhibition mechanism and identical or overlapping binding sites. The greater anti-HCV replicative activityof VX-222 over filibuvir is hypothesized to be due to a greater allosteric conformational effect, resulting in the formation of a less catalytically competent complex. In addition, the induced fit mechanism of VX-222 gives it a kinetic advantage over filibuvir, exhibited as a longer residence time. These insights have important consequences for the selection and optimization of new allosteric NS5Binhibitors.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 97, no 3, 356-368 p.
HCV, NS5B, filibuvir, VX-222, tegobuvir, allosteric inhibitor, induced fit, kinetics, chemodynamics, thermodynamics
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Research subject Biochemistry; Biochemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-171996DOI: 10.1016/j.antiviral.2012.12.027ISI: 000317709400018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-171996DiVA: diva2:513817