In vitro phosphorylation of human complement factor C3 by protein kinase A and protein kinase C: Effects on the classical and alternative pathways
1990 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 265, no 5, 2941-2946 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Complement factor C3, recently found to contain covalently bound phosphate, was phosphorylated in vitro by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase A) and Ca2+-activated, phospholipid-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase C). Both protein kinases phosphorylated the same serine residue(s) located in the C3a portion of the alpha-chain. In addition, protein kinase C phosphorylated the beta-chain to a lesser extent. Protein kinase A gave a maximal incorporation of 1 mol of phosphate/mol of C3 while that value with protein kinase C was 1.5 mol of phosphate/mol of C3. The velocity in pmol of [32P]phosphate/(min x unit kinase) was 20 times higher for protein kinase C than for protein kinase A although a 10 times lower ratio of protein kinase to C3 was used in the former case. The apparent Kmfor C3 was 2.6 µM when protein kinase C was used. The phosphorylated C3 was found to be more resistant to partial degradation by trypsin than unphosphorylated C3. It was also found that phosphorylation of C3 in the C3a portion of the alpha-chain inhibited both the classical and alternative complement activation pathways on an approximately stoichiometric basis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1990. Vol. 265, no 5, 2941-2946 p.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-172752PubMedID: 2303432OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-172752DiVA: diva2:515546