The Transition State of Coupled Folding and Binding for a Flexible beta-Finger
2012 (English)In: Journal of Molecular Biology, ISSN 0022-2836, E-ISSN 1089-8638, Vol. 417, no 3, 253-261 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Flexible and fully disordered protein regions that fold upon binding mediate numerous protein protein interactions. However, little is known about their mechanism of interaction. One such coupled folding and binding occurs when a flexible region of neuronal nitric oxide synthase adopts a beta-finger structure upon binding to its protein ligand, a PDZ [PSD-95 (postsynaptic density protein-95)/Discs large/ZO-1] domain from PSD-95. We have analyzed this binding reaction by protein engineering combined with kinetic experiments. Mutational destabilization of the beta-finger changed mainly the dissociation rate constant of the proteins and, to a lesser extent, the association rate constant. Thus, mutation affected late events in the coupled folding and binding reaction. Our results therefore suggest that the native binding interactions of the beta-finger are not present in the rate-limiting transition state for binding but form on the downhill side in a cooperative manner. However, by mutation, we could destabilize the beta-finger further and change the rate-limiting step such that an initial conformational change becomes rate limiting. This switch in rate-limiting step shows that multistep binding mechanisms are likely to be found among flexible and intrinsically disordered regions of proteins.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 417, no 3, 253-261 p.
intrinsically disordered proteins, PDZ domain, binding kinetics, phi binding, flexible proteins
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-172818DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2012.01.042ISI: 000301805800010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-172818DiVA: diva2:516223