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Photelectron spectroscopy studies of metal-free phthalocyanine on Au(111)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Surface and Interface Science.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
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(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-173389OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-173389DiVA: diva2:517331
Available from: 2012-04-23 Created: 2012-04-23 Last updated: 2016-04-29Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Electronic and Geometric Structure of Phthalocyanines on Metals
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Electronic and Geometric Structure of Phthalocyanines on Metals
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Adsorption of monolayers and multilayers of metal-free and metal phthalocyanines molecules on metal surfaces has been investigated using complementary microscopic and synchrotron-based spectroscopic techniques. It was observed by STM measurements that at monolayer coverage the adsorption direction of the metal-free phthalocyanine molecules with respect to the gold surface vary as a function of temperature, i.e. at room temperature (RT) and low temperature (LT). It was explained by the difference in strength of intermolecular and adsorbate-substrate interactions at room and low temperatures. Nature of the interaction between adsorbed species and the surfaces as a function of coverage has been further characterized by XPS measurements. Binding energy shifts as a function of coverage have been attributed to initial- and final-state effects, the latter being due to different core-hole screening for the different molecular coverage. The alignment of molecular films at both monolayer and multilayer coverages, which has been determined by XAS measurements in several cases, is also dependent upon the relative strength of molecule-molecule versus molecule-substrate interaction. Parallel alignment of the molecular film with respect to the surface is the result of significant interaction between the adsorbate and the substrate, whilst standing geometry of the molecular film is due to more significant intermolecular interactions. DFT simulations have provided further information on the nature of the adsorbate-substrate interaction as well as contribution of different molecular orbitals in XPS and XAS spectra. Moreover, investigation of alkali interaction with the phthalocyanine films revealed a significant modification in their geometric and electronic structures due to charge transfer from the alkali metal to the molecular film. However, no sign of metallization of the molecules has been observed by spectroscopic and microscopic studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2012. 64 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 941
Keyword
monolayer, multilayer, metal-free phthalocyanine, metal phthalocyanine, interaction, intermolecular, adsorbate-substrate, XPS, XAS, STM, DFT, alkali, metallization
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-173505 (URN)978-91-554-8382-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-06-08, Polhemsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-05-16 Created: 2012-04-25 Last updated: 2012-09-18Bibliographically approved
2. Complex Excitations in Advanced Functional Materials
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Complex Excitations in Advanced Functional Materials
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Understanding the fundamental electronic properties of materials is a key step to develop innovations in many fields of technology. For example, this has allowed to design molecular based devices like organic field effect transistors, organic solar cells and molecular switches.

In this thesis, the properties of advanced functional materials, in particular metal-organic molecules and molecular building blocks of 2D materials, are investigated by means of Density Functional Theory (DFT), the GW approximation (GWA) and the Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE), also in conjunction with experimental studies. The main focus is on calculations aiming to understand spectroscopic results.

In detail, the molecular architectures of lutetium-bis-phthalocyanine (LuPc2) on clean and hydrogenated vicinal Si(100)2×1, and of the biphenylene molecule on Cu(111) were analysed by means of X-ray Photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Near Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy; DFT calculations were performed to obtain insights into the atomic and electronic structures. Furthermore, detailed information about the electronic states of the gas phase iron phthalocyanine (FePc) and of the gas phase biphenylene molecule were obtained through XPS and NEXAFS spectroscopy. I have studied by means of DFT, multiplet and GWA calculations the electronic correlation effects in these systems. Also the optical, electronic and excitonic properties of a hypothetical 2D material based on the biphenylene molecule were investigated by GWA and BSE calculations. Monolayers of metal-free phthalocyanine (H2Pc) on Au(111) and of FePc on Au(111) and Cu(100)c(2×2)-2N/Cu(111) with and without pyridine modifier were studied by XPS and final state calculations. A multiplet approach to compute L-edges employing the hybridizations function, known from dynamical mean field theory, was proposed and applied to transition metal oxides.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. 90 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1365
Keyword
X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy, Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Adsorption, Phthalocyanines, Biphenylene, Excitons, Functional Materials
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-282151 (URN)978-91-554-9543-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-05-13, Å80101, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-04-22 Created: 2016-04-03 Last updated: 2016-04-29

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Shariati, Masumeh-NinaBrena, BarbaraBidermane, Ieva

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