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Livelihood Security, Vulnerability and Resilience: A Historical Analysis of Chibuene, Southern Mozambique
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, African and Comparative Archaeology.
2012 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, Vol. 41, no 5, 479-489 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A sustainable livelihood framework is used to analyse livelihood security, vulnerability and resilience in the village of Chibuene, Vilanculos, southern Mozambique from a historical and contemporary perspective. Interviews, assessments, archaeology, palaeoecology and written sources are used to address tangible and intangible aspects of livelihood security. The analysis shows that livelihood strategies for building resilience, diversification of resource use, social networks and trade, have long historical continuities. Vulnerability is contingent on historical processes as long-term socio-environmental insecurity and resultant biodiversity loss. These contingencies affect the social capacity to cope with vulnerability in the present. The study concludes that contingency and the extent and strength of social networks should be added as a factor in livelihood assessments. Furthermore, policies for mitigating vulnerability must build on the reality of environmental insecurity, and strengthen local structures that diversify and spread risk.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 41, no 5, 479-489 p.
Keyword [en]
Livelihood security, Vulnerability, Resilience, History, Archaeology, Palaeoecology
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Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-173605DOI: 10.1007/s13280-012-0286-1ISI: 000306121200006PubMedID: 22544636OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-173605DiVA: diva2:524338
Available from: 2012-05-01 Created: 2012-05-01 Last updated: 2012-08-06Bibliographically approved

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