Macrophage uptake of ultra-small iron oxide particles for magnetic resonance imaging in experimental acute cardiac transplant rejection
2006 (English)In: Acta Radiologica, ISSN 0284-1851, E-ISSN 1600-0455, Vol. 47, no 3, 264-271 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To discriminate between acutely rejecting and non-rejecting transplanted hearts using a blood pool contrast agent and T2* magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a clinical 1.5T scanner.
MATERIAL AND METHODS:
Allogeneic and syngeneic heterotopic heart transplantations were performed in rats. One allogeneic and one syngeneic group each received either the ultra-small iron oxide particle (USPIO), at two different doses, or no contrast agent at all. MRI was performed on postoperative day 6. Immediately after the MR scanning, contrast agent was injected and a further MRI was done 24 h later. Change in T2* was calculated.
No significant difference in change in T2* could be seen between rejecting and non-rejecting grafts in either of the doses, or in the control groups. There was a difference between the allogeneic group that received the higher contrast agent dose and the allogeneic group that did not receive any contrast agent at all.
In our rat model, measurements of T2* after myocardial macrophage uptake of AMI-227 in a clinical 1.5T scanner were not useful for the diagnosis of acute rejection.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 47, no 3, 264-271 p.
Acute Disease, Animals, Contrast Media/pharmacokinetics, Graft Rejection/*pathology, Heart Transplantation, Iron/*diagnostic use/pharmacokinetics, Macrophages/metabolism, Magnetic Resonance Imaging/*methods, Male, Oxides/*diagnostic use/pharmacokinetics, Rats, Rats; Inbred WKY, Transplantation; Homologous, Transplantation; Isogeneic
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-24713DOI: 10.1080/02841850500539041PubMedID: 16613307OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-24713DiVA: diva2:52487