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How poor peasant commoners became holders of former latifundia land: The case of the fundo Puerto Oscuro in Chile’s semi-arid Norte Chico
Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development .
2004 (English)In: Revista Cuadernos de Desarrollo Rural, ISSN 0122-1450, no 53, 81-101 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The processes of agrarian reform (1965-1973) and Pinochet’s “counter-reform”

(1973-1981) had some unintended consequences upon the predominantly bi-modal

land tenure structure of Chile’s semi-arid Norte Chico.  Creating a special decree, whose central element is the permanent indivisibility of the land as a natural resource management, through the dry-land societies, the state plays a central role in a new evolving local agrarian structure, confirming indirectly the importance of the geographical environment upon the new type of property that reminds of the communal land ownership form that historically have developed in Norte Chico. It is under Pinochet that this form is extended to embrace former latifundia, reinforcing paradoxically the institution of the commons within a neoliberal privatization context.


institution of the commons, landed estates, settlements

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bogotá-Colombia: Pontificia Universidad Javeriana , 2004, No. 53,Segundo semestre. no 53, 81-101 p.
Keyword [en]
institution of the commons, landed estates, settlements, agricultural communities, agrarian reform, dry-land societes, Chile
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-173754OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-173754DiVA: diva2:525047
Available from: 2012-05-04 Created: 2012-05-04

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Gallardo Fernández, Gloria L.
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