Increased cortisol responsivity to adrenocorticotropic hormone and low plasma levels of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist in women with functional hypothalamic amenorrhea
2007 (English)In: Fertility and Sterility, ISSN 0015-0282, Vol. 87, no 1, 136-142 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVE: To assess the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis at all levels, to determine the origin of the previously reported hypercortisolism in patients with functional hypothalamic amenorrhea. A secondary aim was to evaluate factors outside the central nervous system which are known to affect the HPA axis, i.e., circulating levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra), and fat mass-adjusted leptin levels, in patients with functional hypothalamic amenorrhea and healthy controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Umeå University Hospital, Umeå, Sweden. PATIENTS: Fifteen subjects with hypothalamic amenorrhea, and 14 age- and weight-matched controls. INTERVENTIONS: None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We collected blood samples four times during a 24-hour interval for analysis of cortisol, leptin, IL-1Ra, and IL-6 levels. We performed a low-dose oral dexamethasone test and a low-dose ACTH test. We measured body-fat percentage using a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometer. RESULTS: Patients with hypothalamic amenorrhea had increased diurnal cortisol levels (P<.001). The cortisol response to intravenous low-dose ACTH was increased in functional hypothalamic amenorrhea patients compared to control subjects (P<.01), but they had similar rates of dexamethasone suppression. Patients with hypothalamic amenorrhea also had decreased diurnal leptin (P<.05), and decreased diurnal IL-1Ra levels (P<.05), compared to controls. Body-fat percentage was the main predictor of leptin levels. CONCLUSION: The present study suggests novel links for the development of functional hypothalamic amenorrhea, including increased adrenal responsiveness and impairments in proinflammatory cytokine pathways.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 87, no 1, 136-142 p.
cortisol, Functional hypothalamic amenorrhea, Il-1 receptor antagonist, IL-6, leptin
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-24926DOI: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2006.06.029ISI: 000243436600020PubMedID: 17094981OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-24926DiVA: diva2:52700