MR characteristics and neuropathology in adult-onset autosomal dominant leukodystrophy with autonomic symptoms
2006 (English)In: American Journal of Neuroradiology, ISSN 0195-6108, E-ISSN 1936-959X, Vol. 27, no 4, 904-11 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Three families with adult-onset autosomal dominant leukodystrophy (ADLD) presenting autonomic dysfunction as the first symptom are reported. We describe detailed MR appearances of the brain in 2 new families and neuropathology in 2 patients and compare the findings with those in other adult-onset leukodystrophies. METHODS: Twenty subjects (12 women and 8 men; age range, 29-70 years) from 2 unrelated families with ADLD were examined with MR. Six subjects were asymptomatic. Fourteen had autonomic dysfunction. Eleven of them also had pyramidal signs and ataxia. The brains of 2 autopsied patients were examined histopathologically. RESULTS: Two subjects manifested no neurologic symptoms, signs, or MR pathology. Eighteen subjects displayed radiologic abnormalities ranging from subtle T2 high-signal-intensity changes in the upper corticospinal tract to extensive confluent white matter changes, predominantly in a frontoparietal distribution, along the corticospinal tracts down to the medulla oblongata and in the upper and middle cerebellar peduncles. Periventricular white matter was spared or less affected than the adjacent white matter. Histopathology revealed marked loss of cerebral and cerebellar myelin without signs of inflammation. Oligodendrocytes were relatively spared, the number of axons not markedly decreased, and reactive gliosis was modest. The number of Purkinje cells in the cerebellum was reduced. CONCLUSIONS: Two families with adult-onset ADLD with the disease entity originally reported by Eldridge et al. (N Engl J Med 1984;311:948-53) were described. We propose naming the disease "adult-onset ADLD with autonomic symptoms." The characteristic radiologic findings, combined with the clinical symptoms and mode of inheritance, enable the diagnosis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 27, no 4, 904-11 p.
Adult, Age of Onset, Aged, Autonomic Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis, Brain Diseases/complications/*genetics/*pathology, Female, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Middle Aged
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-25051PubMedID: 16611789OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-25051DiVA: diva2:52825