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PCE dissolution and simultaneous dechlorination by nanoscale zero-valent iron particles in a DNAPL source zone
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL.
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2012 (English)In: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, ISSN 0169-7722, E-ISSN 1873-6009, Vol. 131, no 1-4, 9-28 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

While the capability of nanoscale zero-valent iron (NZVI) to dechlorinate organic compounds in aqueous solutions has been demonstrated, the ability of NZVI to remove dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) from source zones under flow-through conditions similar to a field scale application has not yet been thoroughly investigated. To gain insight on simultaneous DNAPL dissolution and NZVI-mediated dechlorination reactions after direct placement of NZVI into a DNAPL source zone, a combined experimental and modeling study was performed. First, a DNAPL tetrachloroethene (PCE) source zone with emplaced NZVI was built inside a small custom-made flow cell and the effluent PCE and dechlorination byproducts were monitored over time. Second, a model for rate-limited DNAPL dissolution and NZVI-mediated dechlorination of PCE to its three main reaction byproducts with a possibility for partitioning of these byproducts back into the DNAPL was formulated. The coupled processes occurring in I he flow cell were simulated and analyzed using a detailed three-dimensional numerical model. It was found that subsurface emplacement of NZVI did not markedly accelerate DNAPL dissolution or the DNAPL mass-depletion rate, when NZVI at a particle concentration of 10 g/L was directly emplaced in the DNAPL source zone. To react with NZVI the DNAPL PCE must first dissolve into the groundwater and the rate of dissolution controls the longevity of the DNAPL source. The modeling study further indicated that faster reacting particles would decrease aqueous contaminant concentrations but there is a limit to how much the mass removal rate can be increased by increasing the dechlorination reaction rate. To ensure reduction of aqueous contaminant concentrations, remediation of DNAPL contaminants with NZVI should include emplacement in a capture zone down-gradient of the DNAPL source. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 131, no 1-4, 9-28 p.
Keyword [en]
Dense non-aqueous phase liquid, DNAPL, Nanoscale zero-valent iron, NZVI, Groundwater remediation, DNAPL dissolution, Source zone
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-174571DOI: 10.1016/j.jconhyd.2011.08.011ISI: 000302845800002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-174571DiVA: diva2:529475
Available from: 2012-05-30 Created: 2012-05-22 Last updated: 2012-05-30Bibliographically approved

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