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Who are you looking at?: The influence of face gender on visual attention and memory for own- and other-race faces
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2012 (English)In: Memory, ISSN 0965-8211, E-ISSN 1464-0686, Vol. 20, no 4, 321-331 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous research suggests that the own-race bias (ORB) in memory for faces is a result of other-race faces receiving less visual attention at encoding. As women typically display an own-gender bias in memory for faces and men do not, we investigated whether face gender and sex of viewer influenced visual attention and memory for own-and other-race faces, and if preferential viewing of own-race faces contributed to the ORB in memory. Participants viewed pairs of female or male own-and other-race faces while their viewing time was recorded. Afterwards, they completed a surprise memory test. We found that (1) other-race males received the initial focus of attention, (2) own-race faces were viewed longer than other-race faces over time, although the difference was larger for female faces, and (3) even though longer viewing time increased the probability of remembering a face, it did not explain the magnified ORB in memory for female faces. Importantly, these findings highlight that face gender moderates attentional responses to and memory for own-and other-race faces.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 20, no 4, 321-331 p.
Keyword [en]
Face recognition, Visual attention, Own-race bias, Own-gender bias, Sex differences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-174984DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2012.658064ISI: 000303579900001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-174984DiVA: diva2:529657
Available from: 2012-05-31 Created: 2012-05-30 Last updated: 2012-05-31Bibliographically approved

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Peira, Nathalie
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Department of Psychology
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