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Altered proinsulin conversion in rat pancreatic islets exposed long-term to various glucose concentrations or interleukin-1{beta}
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Cell Biology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Cell Biology.
2007 (English)In: Journal of Endocrinology, ISSN 0022-0795, E-ISSN 1479-6805, Vol. 192, no 2, 381-387 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In order to elucidate a possible relationship between beta-cell function and conversion of proinsulin to insulin, isolated rat pancreatic islets were maintained in tissue culture for 1 week at various glucose concentrations (5 x 6-56 mM). Studies were also conducted on islets cultured for 48 h with interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta). By pulse-chase labelling and immunoprecipitation, the relative contents of newly synthesized proinsulin and insulin were determined. ELISA was used to analyse insulin and proinsulin content in medium and within islets. Using real-time PCR, the mRNA levels of proinsulin converting enzymes (PC1 and PC2) were studied. Islets cultured at 56 mM glucose had an increased proportion of newly synthesized proinsulin when compared with islets cultured at 5 x 6 mM glucose after a 90-min chase periods, however, no difference was observed after culture at 11 and 28 mM glucose. ELISA measurements revealed that culture at increased glucose concentrations as well as islet exposure to IL-1beta increased proinsulin accumulation in the culture media. The mRNA expression of PC1 was increased after culture at 11 and 28 mM glucose. Treatment for 48 h with IL-1beta increased the proportion of proinsulin both at 45 and 90 min when compared with control islets. These islets also displayed a decreased mRNA level of PC1 as well as PC2. Calculations of the half-time for proinsulin demonstrated a significant prolongation after treatment with IL-1beta. We conclude that a sustained functional stimulation by glucose of islets is coupled to a decreased conversion of proinsulin which is also true for islets treated with IL-1beta. This may contribute to the elevated levels of proinsulin found both at the onset of type 1 diabetes as well as in type 2 diabetes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 192, no 2, 381-387 p.
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Medical and Health Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-25281DOI: 10.1677/joe.1.06676ISI: 000244958200012PubMedID: 17283238OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-25281DiVA: diva2:53055
Available from: 2007-02-12 Created: 2007-02-12 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Börjesson, AndreasCarlsson, Carina

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