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Muntliga, skriftliga och digitala föreställningsvärldar: Sambandet mellan våra redskap och våra föreställningar
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to show that the character of orality and literacy as intellectual and physical tools can beused to understand the myth about information technology. This paper is grounded on the notion that differenttechnological innovations affects our ideas about ourselves, the world and even technology itself. These ideas - ofwhich the myth about information technology is but one - can then be understood by focusing the nature of theintellectual and physical tools that mediates the ideas, and in the process, colors them a certain way.Drawing on the theories of Walter J. Ong, orality is examined primarliy in the context of the South AfricanSan through the verbally transmitted cultural artifact known as "The Song of the Broken String". Orality isargued to encourage a collective personality structure that manifests itself as ideas about humanitys close affinitywith animals.Literacy is examined primarily through the romantic movement and Mary Shelleys Frankenstein. It isargued that the concept of social construction - if defined as an ability to question the individuals relation to thecollective and biological essentialism - is related to two characteristics of literacy as intellectual and physicaltool: Individualized personality structures and the tendency to organize knowledge in an abstract and intellctualsphere, that both influence notions about the physical body and materiality.The established characteristics of orality and literacy then come together in the ongian term secondaryorality - ie. to turn inward and outward simultaneously - as a way to describe the modern digital era. Theconclusion is that the myth about information technology, as expressed in John Perry Barlows "The Declarationof the Independence of Cyberspace", tries to harmonize between the individual and the collective that are inthemselves in part caused by said information technology's ability to enhance individual and collectivepersonality structures at the same time.My method is a literary analysis that deploys ongian terms on above mentioned cultural artefacts.This is a two year master's thesis in the field of library and information science.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsatser inom biblioteks- & informationsvetenskap, ISSN 1650-4267 ; 565
Keyword [en]
Orality, Literacy, Information technology, San (African people), Romanticism, Hippies
Keyword [sv]
Muntligt berättande, Läs- och skrivkunnighet, Informationsteknik, San (folk), Romantiken, Hippies
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-175407Local ID: 565OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-175407DiVA: diva2:531269
Subject / course
Library and Information Science
Educational program
Master Programme in ALM
Humanities, Theology
Available from: 2012-06-14 Created: 2012-06-06 Last updated: 2012-12-04Bibliographically approved

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