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'No homo': Straight inoculations and the queering of masculinity in Swedish hip hop
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
2012 (English)In: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 7, no 1, 50-66 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Performing heterosexuality is often a central component in the making ofmasculinity. Yet queer theory with its critical focus on heterosexuality has not hadthe same impact on masculinity studies as on other areas of gender studies. Thisarticle seeks to contribute to the emerging use of queer theory within criticalstudies on men and masculinities by examining the production and negotiation ofmale heterosexuality in Swedish hip hop. This is done through a discourse analysisof a broad sample of Swedish rap lyrics from 1991 to 2011. Analyzing the use ofmetaphors, rhetorical negotiations and triangles of desire, it is argued that in spiteof a dominant heteronormative discourse, signs of male homosocial desire abound.The author suggests that the concept of straight inoculations can be useful inunderstanding attempts to maintain heterosexuality in an ambiguous terrain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 7, no 1, 50-66 p.
Keyword [en]
straight inoculations, men and masculinities, queer theory, hip hop, rap lyrics, male homosocial desire, homosociality
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-175712OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-175712DiVA: diva2:532655
Available from: 2012-06-12 Created: 2012-06-12 Last updated: 2017-12-07
In thesis
1. Reading Rap: Feminist Interventions in Men and Masculinity Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reading Rap: Feminist Interventions in Men and Masculinity Research
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The present thesis explores how masculinity is constructed and negotiated in relation to race, class and sexuality in hip hop in Sweden. Theoretically, the study contributes to the increasing use of contemporary feminist theory in men and masculinity research. In so doing, it brings into dialogue poststructuralist feminism, feminist phenomenology, intersectionality and queer theory. These theoretical perspectives are put to use in a discourse analysis of rap lyrics by 38 rap artists in Sweden from the period 1991-2011. The thesis is based on the following four articles:

Sticky masculinity: Post-structuralism, phenomenology and subjectivity in critical studies on men explores how poststructuralist feminism and feminist phenomenology can advance the understanding of subjectivity within men and masculinity research. Drawing on Sara Ahmed, and offering re-readings of John Stoltenberg and Victor Seidler, the article develops the notion of “sticky masculinity”.

Degrees of intersectionality: Male rap artists in Sweden negotiating class, race and gender analyzes how class, race, gender, and to some extent sexuality, intersect in rap lyrics by male artists. It shows how critiques of class and race inequalities in these lyrics intersect with normative notions of gender and sexuality. Drawing on this empirical analysis, the article suggests that the notion of “degrees of intersectionality” can be helpful in thinking about masculinity from an intersectional perspective.

‘No homo’: Straight inoculations and the queering of masculinity in Swedish hip hop explores the boundary work performed by male artists regarding sexuality categories. In particular, it analyzes how heterosexuality is sustained, given the affection expressed among male peers. To this end, the article develops the notion of “straight inoculations” to account for the rhetorical means by which heterosexual identities are sustained in a contested terrain.

Hip hop feminism in Sweden: Intersectionality, feminist critique and female masculinity investigates lyrics by female artists in the male-dominated hip hop genre. The analysis shows how critique of gender inequality is a central theme in these lyrics, ranging from the hip hop scene to politics and men’s violence against women. The article also analyzes how female rappers both critique and perform masculinity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2014. 66 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 1652-9030 ; 101
Keyword
hip hop, rap lyrics, men and masculinity, feminist theory, intersectionality, queer theory, poststructuralism, feminist phenomenology, discourse analysis, cultural studies, popular music, gender, sexuality, race, class
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-229518 (URN)978-91-554-9012-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-10-10, Room IX, Universitetshuset, Biskopsgatan 3, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-09-19 Created: 2014-08-11 Last updated: 2015-01-22

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Berggren, Kalle

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