Sensitivity of district heating system operation to heat demand reductions and electricity price variations: A Swedish example
2012 (English)In: Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, Vol. 41, no 1, 525-540 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In the future, district heating companies in Sweden must adapt to energy efficiency measures in buildings and variable fuel and electricity prices. Swedish district heating demands are expected to decrease by 1-2% per year and electricity price variations seem to be more unpredictable in the future. A cost-optimisation model of a Swedish local district heating system is constructed using the optimisation modelling tool MODEST. A scenario for heat demand changes due to increased energy efficiency in buildings, combined with the addition of new buildings, is studied along with a sensitivity analysis for electricity price variations. Despite fears that heat demand reductions will decrease co-generation of clean electricity and cause increased global emissions, the results show that anticipated heat demand changes do not increase the studied system's primary energy use or global CO2 emissions. The results further indicate that the heat production plants and the fuels used within the system have crucial importance for the environmental impact of district heat use. Results also show that low seasonal variations in electricity price levels with relatively low winter prices promote the use of electric heat pumps. High winter prices on the other hand promote co-generation of heat and electricity in CHP plants.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 41, no 1, 525-540 p.
District heating, CHP, Building energy efficiency, CO2 emissions, Primary energy use, Electricity price variations
National CategoryEngineering and Technology
Research subject Engineering Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-175624DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2012.02.034ISI: 000304076800058OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-175624DiVA: diva2:532735