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Associations of motor co-ordination and attention with motor-perceptual development in 3-year-old preterm and full-term children who needed neonatal intensive care
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health. (Perinatal, neonatal och barnkardiologisk forskning/Sedin)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health. (Perinatal, neonatal och barnkardiologisk forskning/Sedin)
2007 (English)In: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 33, no 1, 11-21 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Children who have needed neonatal intensive care (NIC) are considered to be at risk for deficits such as developmental co-ordination disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. By assessing motor-perceptual development, motor co-ordination and attention already at 3 years of age, it might be possible to identify such deficits earlier than they are today.

Aim To investigate the motor-perceptual development in a group of 202 NIC children but had no major impairments, to describe associations of deficits in co-ordination and attention with motor-perceptual delays, and to estimate the prevalence of NIC children with combined deficits together with a motor-perceptual delay.

Method Co-ordination and attention in children born very preterm (n = 57), moderately preterm (n = 75) and full-term (n = 70) were observed according to a model for Combined Assessment of Motor Performance and Behaviour while they were assessed using a developmental scale, Motor-Perceptual Development, 0-7 years, MPU. 1

Results In two out of 14 MPU areas, a larger proportion of very preterm than of moderately preterm and full-term children had marked developmental delay. Overall, the proportion of NIC children having a motor-perceptual delay increased with increasing incoordination and especially increasing lack of attention. Twenty-one (11 %) of the NIC children had different motor-perceptual delays combined with pronounced incoordination and pronounced lack of attention.

Conclusion Deficits in co-ordination and attention were associated with motor-perceptual delays in areas important for daily living and development of academic skills. Therefore,to find children at risk for developmental co-ordination disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, assessments of co-ordination and attention should be added to assessments of motor-perceptual development in 3-year-old NIC children.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 33, no 1, 11-21 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-25537DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2214.2006.00625.xISI: 000243823400003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-25537DiVA: diva2:53311
Available from: 2007-02-13 Created: 2007-02-13 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Hemgren, ElviraPersson, Kristina

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