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A polymer foil non-contact IR temperature sensor with a thermoresistor integrated on the back of a vertically configured thermopile
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
JonDeTech AB, Uppsala.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
2012 (English)In: Sensors and Actuators A-Physical, ISSN 0924-4247, E-ISSN 1873-3069, Vol. 179, 56-61 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A very thin non-contact IR temperature sensor has been fabricated in a polymer foil. A thermoresistor was placed in the isothermal back-layer of a vertical configured IR-sensor. The IR-sensor is a thermopile consisting of through-the-foil thermocouple legs in a flexible polyimide foil, and the integration of a thermoresistor to one of its surfaces enables use of the sensor for non-contact temperature measurements. The size of the sensor is 3 mm x 3 mm and the thickness is less than 0.2 mm. The sensor can easily be surface mounted to printed circuit boards. An ion track technique followed by lithographically controlled electroplating of nanowires and thin film deposited interconnects are used to fabricate the infrared sensor. The thin film nickel thermoresistor was fabricated using evaporation. Layers of Parylene C was used for electric insulation and protection to improve environmental stability. In the temperature range of 20-55 degrees C, the thermoresistor shows good linearity. Some initial decrease in resistance was seen at 105 degrees C whereafter the resistance stabilized. The IR temperature sensor was characterized, and for temperatures near room temperature a simple linear equation using the voltage response and temperature of the thermoresistor as the only input parameters was curve fitted to the experimental data. The difference between the measured and the calculated object temperature is less than 0.5 degrees C using a confidence level of 95%.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 179, 56-61 p.
Keyword [en]
Non-contact IR sensor, Polyimide, Thermopile, Thermoresistor
National Category
Engineering and Technology Inorganic Chemistry
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Microsystems Technology; Chemistry with specialization in Inorganic Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-175607DOI: 10.1016/j.sna.2012.03.022ISI: 000304077100009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-175607DiVA: diva2:533152
Available from: 2012-06-13 Created: 2012-06-11 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Synthesis, Characterization, and Evaluation of Ag-based Electrical Contact Materials
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Synthesis, Characterization, and Evaluation of Ag-based Electrical Contact Materials
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Ag is a widely used electrical contact material due to its excellent electrical properties. The problems with Ag are that it is soft and has poor tribological properties (high friction and wear in Ag/Ag sliding contacts). For smart grid applications, friction and wear became increasingly important issues to be improved, due to much higher sliding frequency in the harsh operation environment. The aim of this thesis is to explore several different concepts to improve the properties of Ag electrical contacts for smart grid applications.

Bulk Ag-X (X=Al, Sn In) alloys were synthesized by melting of metals. An important result was that the presence of a hcp phase in the alloys significantly reduced friction coefficients and wear rates compared to Ag. This was explained by a sliding-induced reorientation of easy-shearing planes in the hexagonal structure. The Ag-In system showed the best combination of properties for potential use in future contact applications. 

This thesis has also demonstrated the strength of a combinatorial approach as a high-throughput method to rapidly screen Ag-based alloy coatings. It was also used for a rapid identification of optimal deposition parameters for reactive sputtering of a complex AgFeO2 oxide with narrow synthesis window. A new and rapid process was developed to grow low frictional AgI coatings and a novel designed microstructure of nanoporous Ag filled with AgI (n-porous Ag/AgI) using a solution chemical method was also explored. The AgI coatings exhibited low friction coefficient and acceptable contact resistance. However, under very harsh conditions, their lifetime is too short. The initial tribotests showed high friction coefficient of the n-porous Ag/AgI coating, indicating an issue regarding its mechanical integrity.

The use of graphene as a solid lubricant in sliding electrical contacts was investigated as well. The results show that graphene is an excellent solid lubricant in Ag-based contacts. Furthermore, the lubricating effect was found to be dependent on chemical composition of the counter surface. As an alternative lubricant, graphene oxide is cheaper and easier to produce. Preliminary tests with graphene oxide showed a similar frictional behavior as graphene suggesting a potential use of this material as lubricant in Ag contacts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2017. 98 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1517
Keyword
electrical contact, bulk, coating, Ag-based alloys, Ag-based delafossite, AgI, graphene, graphene oxide, combinatorial material science, dc magnetron sputtering, friction, wear, hardness, contact resistance
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-320235 (URN)978-91-554-9915-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-06-08, Room 2001, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-05-18 Created: 2017-04-18 Last updated: 2017-06-07

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Mao, FangHjort, KlasKlintberg, Lena

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