Temporal variation of beta-diversity and assembly mechanisms in a bacterial metacommunity
2012 (English)In: The ISME Journal, ISSN 1751-7362, Vol. 6, no 6, 1107-1114 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The turnover of community composition across space, beta-diversity, is influenced by different assembly mechanisms, which place varying weight on local habitat factors, such as environmental conditions and species interactions, and regional factors such as dispersal and history. Several assembly mechanisms may function simultaneously; however, little is known about how their importance changes over time and why. Here, we implemented a field survey where we sampled a bacterial metacommunity consisting of 17 rock pools located at the Swedish Baltic Sea coast at 11 occasions during 1 year. We determined to which extent communities were structured by different assembly mechanisms using variation partitioning and studied changes in beta-diversity across environmental gradients over time. beta-Diversity was highest at times of high overall productivity and environmental heterogeneity in the metacommunity, at least partly due to species sorting, that is, selection of taxa by the prevailing environmental conditions. In contrast, dispersal-driven assembly mechanisms were primarily detected at times when beta-diversity was relatively low. There were no indications for strong and persistent differences in community composition or beta-diversity between permanent and temporary pools, indicating that the physical disturbance regime is of relatively minor importance. In summary, our study clearly suggests that there are temporal differences in the relative importance of different assembly mechanisms related to abiotic factors and shows that the temporal variability of those factors is important for a more complete understanding of bacterial metacommunity dynamics.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 6, no 6, 1107-1114 p.
metacommunities, bacteria, assembly mechanisms, temporal, beta-diversity, productivity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-175601DOI: 10.1038/ismej.2011.177ISI: 000304047800003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-175601DiVA: diva2:533190