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Degradation kinetics of metronidazole and olsalazine by bacteria in ascending colon and in feces of healthy adults
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy.
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2011 (English)In: International Journal of Pharmaceutics, ISSN 0378-5173, E-ISSN 1873-3476, Vol. 413, no 1-2, 81-86 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE

To compare the degradation kinetics of metronidazole and olsalazine by the bacteria of ascending colon and the bacteria of feces of healthy adults.

METHODS

Contents of the ascending colon of seven healthy adults were collected under conditions simulating the bioavailability/bioequivalence studies in the fasted and in the fed states on a crossover basis. Material from the contents of the ascending colon was prepared by ultracentrifuging and diluting the precipitate with a volume of normal saline equivalent to that of the supernatant. Fecal material was prepared from feces of three healthy adults collected at two occasions that were separated by at least 6 months. Ex vivo drug degradation kinetics were evaluated under anaerobic conditions.

RESULTS

Mean half-lives of metronidazole degradation in material from the contents of the ascending colon collected in the fasted state and in fecal material were 16.1 and 2.4 min, respectively (p<0.001). The corresponding numbers for olsalazine were 57.8 and 9.2 min, respectively (p<0.001). Both compounds were stable in material from the contents of ascending colon collected in the fed state.

CONCLUSIONS

Compared with data in fecal material, degradation of metronidazole and olsalazine in material from the contents of the ascending colon is significantly slower and it becomes non-significant during the arrival of fresh food remnants in the region.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 413, no 1-2, 81-86 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-175839DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2011.04.028PubMedID: 21540091OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-175839DiVA: diva2:533217
Available from: 2012-06-13 Created: 2012-06-13 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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