Self-reported asthma in Chaldeans, Arabs, and African Americans: factors associated with asthma
2011 (English)In: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, ISSN 1557-1912, Vol. 13, no 3, 568-575 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Although the prevalence of asthma is increasing worldwide, there are striking, and largely unexplained differences across various racial and ethnic groups. The current study looks at the prevalence of asthma and risk factors between Chaldeans, Arabs, and African Americans. We used Health Assessment Survey data representing 3,136 respondents. Prevalence across the three ethnic groups were compared using unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios, accounting for multiple risk factors. There were significant socio-demographic differences across all ethnic groups. Asthma prevalence was significantly lower in Arabs (9.4%) and Chaldeans (5.4%) than in Non-Middle Eastern Whites (14.4%). African American prevalence was 14.4%. The significantly lower prevalence of asthma among Chaldean and Arabs, as compared to African Americans, were not explained by traditional risk factors included in our models. We therefore, suggest that future studies should explore the possible role of ethnic-specific differences in gene × environmental interactions in the precipitation and/or exacerbation of asthma.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 13, no 3, 568-575 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-176318DOI: 10.1007/s10903-010-9390-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-176318DiVA: diva2:534812