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Health effects associated with geographical area of residence during the 1991 Gulf War: a comparative health study of Iraqi soldiers and civilians
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7173-4333
2011 (English)In: US Army Med Dep J, ISSN 1524-0436, Vol. Jul-Sep, 86-95 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Context

Although Iraqis sustained the gravest exposure conditions during the 1991 Gulf War (GW), little is known about the possible relationship between environmental exposures during the GW and long-term health in Iraqis.

Objective

To study the relationship between distance from Kuwait during the GW and somatic health among Iraqi Soldiers vs civilians.

Methods

A survey questionnaire was distributed to a sample of 742 GW veterans and 413 civilians in Iraq. The odds ratios were calculated for somatic disorders as a function of distance from Kuwait during the GW, as well as a self-reported environmental exposure index.

Results

Soldiers reported a significantly higher prevalence of somatic disorders as compared to civilians. Soldiers closest to Kuwait reported significantly more somatic disorders as compared to Soldiers deployed further away from Kuwait.

Conclusion

Iraqi GW veterans are at an increased risk of numerous somatic disorders. Soldiers are at an increased risk compared to civilians, suggesting that war-associated exposures are of etiologic relevance.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. Jul-Sep, 86-95 p.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-176319PubMedID: 21805460OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-176319DiVA: diva2:534822
Available from: 2012-06-18 Created: 2012-06-18 Last updated: 2016-08-17Bibliographically approved

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Arnetz, Bengt

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