Nurse-led multidisciplinary programme for patients with COPD in primary health care: a controlled trial
2011 (English)In: Primary Care Respiratory Journal, ISSN 1475-1534, Vol. 20, no 4, 427-433 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aim: To investigate the effects of a nurse-led multidisciplinary programme (NMP) of pulmonary rehabilitation in primary health care with regard to functional capacity, quality of life (QoL), and exacerbations among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Method: A 1-year longitudinal study with a quasi-experimental design was undertaken in patients with COPD, 49 in the intervention group and 54 in the control group. Functional capacity was assessed using the 6-minute walking test, and quality of life (QoL) was assessed using the Clinical COPD Questionnaire. Exacerbations were calculated by examination of patient records.
Results: No significant differences were found between the groups in functional capacity and QoL after 1 year. The exacerbations decreased in the intervention group (n = -0.2) and increased in the control group (n = 0.3) during the year after NMP. The mean difference of change in exacerbation frequency between the groups was statistically significant after one year (p=0.009).
Conclusions: The NMP in primary care produced a significant reduction in exacerbation frequency, but functional capacity and QoL were unchanged. More and larger studies are needed to evaluate potential benefits in functional capacity and QoL.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 20, no 4, 427-433 p.
COPD, management, exacerbations, nurse, primary care, rehabilitation, pulmonary, quantitative
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-176452DOI: 10.4104/pcrj.2011.00060ISI: 000304279300021OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-176452DiVA: diva2:535657