Structural transitions in cholesterol-based wormlike micelles induced by encapsulating alkyl ester oils with varying architecture
2012 (English)In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 378, no 1, 125-134 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The effect of encapsulating oils on the phase behaviour and the microstructure of wormlike micelles formed by polyoxyethylene cholesteryl ether (ChEO10) and triethylene glycol monododecyl ether co-surfactant (C12EO3) was investigated using rheology, Cryo-TEM and small-angle neutron scattering measurements. Six alkyl ester oils bearing small, systematic variations in their molecular structure were encapsulated: ethyl butyrate (EB24), ethyl caproate (ECO26), ethyl caprylate (EC28), methyl enanthate (ME17), methyl caprylate (MC18) and butyl butyrate (BB44), where the subscripts refer to the length of the alkyl chain and fatty acid chain, respectively, on either sides of the ester link. The addition of alkyl ester oils to ChEO10/C12EO3 solutions promotes the longitudinal growth of the surfactant aggregates into wormlike micelles possessing an elliptical cross-section, with rminor 31 Â± 2 Ã… and rmajor varying from 45 to 70 Ã…. At fixed alkyl chain length, oils with longer fatty acid chains were found to be more efficient in inducing wormlike micelle formation or their elongation, following the order: EC28 > ECO26 > EB24. Instead, at fixed fatty acid chain length, increasing the alkyl chain has a negative effect on the longitudinal micellar growth (MC18 > EC28 and EB24 > BB44). At high co-surfactant concentrations and in the presence of EB24, an unusual phase of ring-like micelles was detected. Overall, the orientation of the oil molecules within the micelles enables them to act as co-surfactants with a small head-group, decreasing the average cross-section area and promoting longitudinal growth of the micelles into worms.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 378, no 1, 125-134 p.
Wormlike micelles, Polyoxyethylene cholesteryl ether, Oil encapsulation, Viscoelastic behaviour, Small-angle neutron scattering, Ring-like micelles
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-176853DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2012.04.014ISI: 000305165500017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-176853DiVA: diva2:537264