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On the dust abundance gradients in late-type galaxies: I. Effects of destruction and growth of dust in the interstellar medium
Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Danmark.
Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Danmark.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
2012 (English)In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 423, no 1, 26-37 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present basic theoretical constraints on the effects of destruction by supernovae (SNe) and growth of dust grains in the interstellar medium (ISM) on the radial distribution of dust in late-type galaxies. The radial gradient of the dust-to-metals ratio is shown to be essentially flat (zero) if interstellar dust is not destroyed by SN shock waves and all dust is produced in stars. If there is net dust destruction by SN shock waves, the dust-to-metals gradient is flatter than or equal to the metallicity gradient (assuming the gradients have the same sign). Similarly, if there is net dust growth in the ISM, then the dust-to-metals gradient is steeper than or equal to the metallicity gradient. The latter result implies that if dust gradients are steeper than metallicity gradients, that is, the dust-to-metals gradients are not flat, then it is unlikely dust destruction by SN shock waves is an efficient process, while dust growth must be a significant mechanism for dust production. Moreover, we conclude that dust-to-metals gradients can be used as a diagnostic for interstellar dust growth in galaxy discs, where a negative slope indicates dust growth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 423, no 1, 26-37 p.
Keyword [en]
ISM: clouds, dust, extinction, ISM: evolution, ISM: supernova remnants, galaxies: evolution, galaxies: ISM
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Solid State Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-176819DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.20575.xISI: 000304599100003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-176819DiVA: diva2:537724
Available from: 2012-06-27 Created: 2012-06-26 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Munkhammar, Joakim D.

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