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Förändrar partners till gravida sin livsstil?
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att undersöka livsstilsförändringar hos partners till gravida, om livsstilsförändringarna har något samband med bakgrundsfaktorer (ålder, utbildningsnivå, årsinkomst, BMI, födelseland samt grad av planering av graviditeten) samt om det finns ett samband mellan antal livsstilsförändringar och graden av depression enligt Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Enkäter delades ut på femton mödravårdscentraler vid de gravidas inskrivningssamtal från november 2011 till februari 2012. Alla svensktalande partners tillfrågades om deltagande i studien och 138 partners inkluderades. Ungefär hälften av alla partners till gravida som röker slutar röka inför eller i början av sin partners graviditet. Även alkoholkonsumtionen minskade signifikant både vad gäller antal standardglas per vecka och mängden alkohol vid varje tillfälle. Kostvanorna ändrades av 6,5 % inför eller under graviditeten. Det fanns inget samband mellan olika bakgrundsfaktorer och rökstopp eller förändrade kostvanor. Vad gäller minskning av alkoholintag fanns ett svagt samband endast mellan ålder och minskning av alkoholkonsumtion. Det fanns inget samband mellan ökad risk för depression och förändring av livsstil under partnerns graviditet men 11,6 % ingick i riskgruppen för depression. Mer information och uppföljning av partners till gravida på mödravårdcentralerna skulle kunna öka antalet livsstilsförändringar hos partners ytterligare och möjliggöra att riskgruppen för depression fångas upp.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the lifestyle changes in partners of pregnant women, lifestyle changes relation to background factors (age, education level, annual income, BMI, ancestral homeland and degree of pregnancy planning) and if there is a correlation between number of lifestyle changes and the degree of depression according to the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Questionnaires were distributed from November 2011 until February 2012 at fifteen maternity clinics in the beginning of the pregnancy. All Swedish-speaking partners were asked to participate in the study, 138 partners were included. About half of the partners who smoked stopped smoking before or early in their partner's pregnancy, their alcohol consumption decreased and eating habits was changed by 6,5 %. There was no relationship between background factors and quitting smoking or changing eating habits. Regarding alcohol there was a weak correlation only between age and reduction of alcohol consumption. There was no association between increased risk of depression and changes in lifestyle during the pregnancy, but 11,6 % were at risk for depression. More information and follow-up of partners at maternity clinics could increase the number of partners that make lifestyle changes and intercept the risk group for depression.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 48 p.
Keyword [en]
Lifestyle changes, pregnancy, partner, depression, pregnancy planning
Keyword [sv]
Livsstilsförändringar, graviditet, partner, depression, graviditetsplanering
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-177008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-177008DiVA: diva2:538725
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Freestanding course
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-07-02 Created: 2012-07-01 Last updated: 2012-07-02Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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