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Arnica (Asteraceae) phylogeny revisited using RPB2: Complex patterns and multiple d-paralogues
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Division of Pharmacognosy. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Systematic Biology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Systematic Biology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Systematic Biology.
2012 (English)In: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, ISSN 1055-7903, E-ISSN 1095-9513, Vol. 64, no 2, 261-270 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The region coding for the second largest subunit of RNA polymerase II (RPB2) was explored for resolving interspecific relationships in Arnica and lower level taxa in general. The region between exons 17 and 23 was cloned and sequenced for 33 accessions of Arnica and four outgroup taxa. Three paralogues of the RPB2-d copy (RPB2-dA, B and C) were detected in Arnica and outgroup taxa, indicating that the duplications must have occurred before the divergence of Arnica. Parsimony and Bayesian analyses of separate alignments of the three copies reveal complex patterns in Arnica, likely reflecting a history of lineage sorting in combination with apomixis, polyploidization, and possibly hybridization. Cloned sequences of some taxa do not form monophyletic clades within paralogues, but form multiple strongly supported clades with sequences of other taxa. Some well supported groups are present in more than one paralogue and many groups are in line with earlier hypotheses regarding interspecific relationships within the genus. Low levels of homoplasy in combination with relatively high sequence variation indicates that the introns of the RPB2 region could be suitable for phylogenetic studies in low level taxonomy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 64, no 2, 261-270 p.
Keyword [en]
Arnica, Asteraceae, RNA polymerase II, RPB2, Lineage sorting, Apomixis
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-177554DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2012.02.032ISI: 000305374600002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-177554DiVA: diva2:541293
Available from: 2012-07-16 Created: 2012-07-16 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Ekenäs, CatarinaHeidari, NahidAndreasen, Katarina

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